Losing a spouse may be an extremely difficult and emotional period. Handling money and legal issues can be too much to handle when grieving. For many Virginians, one important concern that comes up is: what happens to my Social Security check in the event that my spouse passes away?
This Article Consists of
- 1 Navigating the Maze: Understanding Survivor Benefits
- 2 Scenario 1: You Were Receiving Spousal Benefits
- 3 Scenario 2: You Were Not Receiving Spousal Benefits
- 4 Scenario 3: You Have Your Own Social Security Record
- 5 Additional Considerations:
- 6 State-Specific Considerations for Virginia:
- 7 Conclusion:
Your age, your spouse’s age at death, and whether you now receive Social Security payments are some of the variables that will determine the response. But the primary route through which you may qualify is through survivor benefits. These are monthly benefits that qualified dependents of a dead worker receive from the Social Security Administration (SSA).
Scenario 1: You Were Receiving Spousal Benefits
- If you were already receiving spousal benefits based on your spouse s Social Security record at the time of their death, your payments will automatically convert to survivor benefits.
- The amount you receive will depend on your age and your spouse s average lifetime earnings.
- If you are at or above full retirement age (66 or 67, depending on your birth year), you will receive 100% of your spouse s basic benefit amount.
- If you are younger than full retirement age, the percentage you receive will be lower:
- Ages 60 to 66: 71.5% to 99% of your spouse s basic benefit amount.
- Ages 50 to 59: 71.5% of your spouse s basic benefit amount.
- You may also be eligible for a one-time lump-sum death benefit of $2,553 (as of 2024).
Scenario 2: You Were Not Receiving Spousal Benefits
- If you were not receiving spousal benefits at the time of your spouse s death, you may still be eligible for survivor benefits if you meet certain requirements:
- You are unmarried and at least 60 years old.
- You were married to your spouse for at least one year before their death.
- You have a dependent child under age 18 or a disabled child under age 22 who was receiving benefits on your spouse s record.
- The amount you receive will depend on the same factors as above: your age and your spouse s average lifetime earnings.
Scenario 3: You Have Your Own Social Security Record
- If you have your own Social Security record and are eligible for retirement benefits based on your own work history, you can choose to receive either your own retirement benefit or the survivor benefit, whichever is higher.
- This decision should be made carefully, considering factors like your future life expectancy and potential changes in benefit amounts over time.
- Reporting your spouse s death: It is important to notify the SSA of your spouse s death as soon as possible. You can do this online, by phone, or in person at your local Social Security office.
- Applying for benefits: If you are not automatically receiving survivor benefits, you will need to file an application with the SSA. You can do this online, by phone, or in person at your local Social Security office.
- Seeking help: The process of applying for survivor benefits can be complex. The SSA offers various resources to help you, including online information, publications, and phone assistance. You can also consider seeking help from a legal or financial advisor specializing in Social Security benefits.
State-Specific Considerations for Virginia:
- Virginia has no additional income tax on Social Security benefits, including survivor benefits.
- Virginia offers various resources to help widowed individuals, such as grief counseling and support groups.
While losing a spouse is a terrible event, you can get through this trying time by being aware of how your Social Security benefits will be impacted. Keep in mind that the information above is broad and might not be applicable in all circumstances. It is imperative to get in touch with the SSA in order to receive tailored advice and support while filing for survivor benefits.